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Archive for the ‘Paradise’ Category

 

Narrated Abu Huraira (Radi Allahu anhu): Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said,

“When the month of Ramadan starts, the gates of the heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained.”

[Sahih al-Bukhari]

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 Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) said:

 

“When a person’s child dies, Allaah says to His angels, ‘You have taken the child of My slave.’ They say, ‘Yes.’ He says, ‘You have taken the apple of his eye.’ They say, ‘Yes.’ He says, ‘What did My slave say?’ They say, ‘He praised you and said “Innaa lillaahi wa inna ilayhi raaji’oon (Verily to Allaah we belong and unto Him is our return).’ Allaah says, ‘Build for My slave a house in Paradise and call it the house of praise.’” 

 

[Classed as hasan by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 1408]

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عَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ جَبَلٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ قَالَ : والَّذي نفسي بيدِه إنَّ السِّقطَ ليَجرُّ أمَّهُ بسَرَرِه إلى الجنَّةِ إذا احتَسبَتهُ

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الراوي: معاذ بن جبل المحدث: الألباني – المصدر: صحيح ابن ماجه – الصفحة أو الرقم: 1315
خلاصة حكم المحدث: صحيح

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It was narrated from Mu’adh bin Jabal that the Prophet (ﷺ) said:
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“By the One in Whose Hand is my soul! The miscarried fetus will drag his mother by his umbilical cord to Paradise, if she (was patient and) sought reward (for her loss).”
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[ Classed as Saheeh by Shaikh Al-Albani in Saheeh ibn Majah,1315]

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 “I guarantee a house in Jannah for one who gives up arguing, even if he is in the right; and I guarantee a home in the middle of Jannah for one who abandons lying even if he is joking; and I guarantee a house in the highest part of Jannah for one who has good manners.”

[Abu Da’wud, 4800; also found in ‘Tahdhib al-Kamal’, 3/498; ‘Mu’jam al-Kabeer’, 7488; ‘al-Bayhaqi’, 10/249 and others – graded as Hasan by al-Albani in ‘Saheeh al-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb’, 6/3; and Ibn Baz in ‘Khashiyah Buloogh al-Maraam’, 810]

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Meaning

Zakah al-Fitr is often referred to as Sadaqah al-Fitr. The word Fitr means the same as Iftar, breaking a fast and it comes from the same root word as Futur which means breakfast. Thus, Islamically, Zakah al-Fitr is the name given to charity which is distributed at the end of the fast of Ramadan.

Significance

The significant role played by Zakah in the circulation of wealth within the Islamic society is also played by the Sadaqah al-Fitr. However, in the case of Sadaqah al-Fitr, each individual is required to calculate how much charity is due from himself and his dependents and go into the community in order to find those who deserve such charity. Thus, Sadaqah al-Fitr plays a very important role in the development of the bonds of community. The rich are obliged to come in direct contact with the poor, and the poor are put in contact with the extremely poor. This contact between the various levels of society helps to build real bonds of brotherhood and love within the Islamic community and trains those who have, to be generous to those who do not have.

Purpose

The main purpose of Zakah al-Fitr is to provide those who fasted with the means of making up for their errors during the month of fasting. Zakah al-Fitr also provides the poor with a mean with which they can celebrate the festival of breaking the fast (Eid al-Fitr) along with the rest of the Muslims. Ibn Abbas reported, “The Prophet (peace be upon him) made Zakah al-Fitr compulsory so that those who fasted may be purified of their idle deeds and shameful talk (committed during Ramadan) and so that the poor may be fed. Whoever gives it before Salah will have it accepted as Zakah, while he who gives it after the Salah has given Sadaqah.” [Reported by Abu Dawud and Shaikh Naser Al-Albani said it is Hasan (good)]

«فرض رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم زكاة الفطر طهرة للصائم من اللغو والرفث وطعمة للمساكين من أداها قبل الصلاة فهي زكاة مقبولة ومن أداها بعد الصلاة فهي صدقة من الصدقات» رواه أبو داود وحسنه الألباني

Hence, the goal of Sadaqah al-Fitr is the spiritual development of the Believers. By making them give up some of their wealth, the believers are taught the higher moral characteristics of generosity, compassion (sympathy for the unfortunate), gratitude to God and the righteousness. But, since Islam does not neglect man’s material need, part of the goal of Zakah al-Fitr is the economic well-being of the poorer members of society. ” ..[Taken from:Wathaker Production]

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Ruling on Zakat-ul-Fitr

The fifth question of Fatwa no. 5733

Q 5: Is it an authentic Hadith that says: “The Sawm (Fasting) of Ramadan is not raised (to Allah) until Zakat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) is paid”? Is Zakat-ul-Fitr obligatory on a fasting Muslim who is needy and does not have the Nisab (the minimum amount on which Zakah is due) based on the authenticity of the previous Hadith or other Islamic textual evidence authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him)?

A: Zakat-ul-Fitr is obligatory on every Muslim who should be self-supporting if he has one Sa‘ (1 Sa‘ = 2.172 kg) or more in excess of his and his family’s need on the day and night of ‘Eid-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast). This is based on the Hadith authentically reported on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both) who said: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) enjoined the payment of one Sa‘ of dates or one Sa‘ of barley as Zakat-ul-Fitr on every Muslim slave or free, male or female, young or old, and he ordered that it be paid before the people go out to offer ‘Eid Prayer.

(Part No. 9Page No. 365)

(Related by both Al-Bukhari and Muslim and the wording is that of Al-Bukhari)

Moreover, Abu Sa‘id Al-Khudry (may Allah be pleased with him) is reported to have said: We used to pay Zakat-ul-Fitr as one Sa‘ of food, or one Sa‘ of dried dates, or one Sa‘ of barley, or one Sa‘ of raisins, or one Sa‘ of curd during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him). (Related by both Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

It will also suffice to discharge the obligation by giving a Sa‘ of the local staple food such as rice and the like. Sa‘ here means the Sa‘ of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), which is four handfuls scooped up with the two hands of an average built man. Accordingly, a person who does not pay Zakat-ul-Fitr is sinful and has to make up for it. With regard to the Hadith you have mentioned, we know nothing to the effect of its authenticity.

We ask Allah to guide you and to make our words and deeds and yours righteous.

May Allah grant us success! May blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member Member Deputy Chairman Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz
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The time that Zakat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) is due

First question from Fatwa No. ( 2896 )

Q 1: Does the time that Zakatul-Fitr is due begin after offering the `Eid Salah (Prayer) and end at the end of that day?

A: The time that Zakatul-Fitr is due does not begin after the `Eid Salah. It begins after sunset of the last day of Ramadan, marking the first night of Shawwal, and ends with the `Eid Salah. This is based on the fact that the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered it to be paid before the `Eid Salah. To the same effect, Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them both) reported the Prophet (peace be upon him) to have said: If anyone pays it before the Salah (of `Eid), it will be accepted as Zakah. If anyone pays it after the Salah, that will be a Sadaqah (charity) like other Sadaqahs. However, it may be paid two or three days before that time based on the Hadith in which Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with both of them) is reported to have said: The Prophet (peace be upon him) imposed Sadaqatul-Fitr in Ramadan. He said at the end of the Hadith, “They used to pay it a day or two in advance.” Thus, whoever delays paying it is sinful and has to repent to Allah and pay it to the poor.

(Part No. 9Page No. 374)

May Allah grant us success! May blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta

Member Member Deputy Chairman Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

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A Word on The Night of Al-Qadr…

Bismillāh

Allāh, The Might and Sublime, says:

 [1]: Verily! We have sent it (this Qurān) down in the night of al-Qadr.

[2]: And what will make you know what the night of al-Qadr is?

[3]: The night of al-Qadr is better than a thousand months (i.e. worshipping Allāh in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months, i.e. 83 years and 4 months).

[4]: Therein descend the angels and Jibrīl by Allāh’s permission with all decrees.

[5]: Peace! until the appearance of dawn.  [Sūrah al-Qadr (97): 1-5]

Imām al-S’adī [d. 1376 AH], may Allāh have mercy on him, commented on this sūrah by saying:

Allāh, the Most High, says:  ‘Verily! We have sent it (i.e. this Qurān) down in the night of al-Qadr.’ – He, the Most High, revealed this verse in order to make clear it’s (i.e the night al-Qadr’s) virtue and its high standing. He, The Most High, also says [in another place in the Qurān]: ‘Verily! We have sent it (this Qurān) down on a blessed night.’

What is meant is that Allāh, the Most High, sent it down in Ramaḍān, on the night of al-Qadr. [And by doing so], He, the Most High, showed great mercy to His slaves; and [His] slaves are unable to show [sufficient] thanks for this blessing.

The night of al-Qadr has been named so due to its greatness and virtue to Allāh. It has also been named that because it is the night wherein it is decreed what will happen this year. Life spans, provisions and destinies will all be decreed on this night.

[After this verse], Allāh, the Most High, magnifies the affair and status of the night of al-Qadr by saying: ‘And what will make you know what the night of al-Qadr is?’ In other words: Indeed its affair is lofty, and its significance is great.

[Then, Allāh, the Most High, says]: ‘The night of Al-Qadr is better than a thousand months (i.e. worshipping Allāh in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months, i.e. 83 years and 4 months). – [Noble Quran]

Meaning, its virtue is that of a thousand months. Therefore, [a worshipper’s righteous] actions that night are better than worshipping Allāh a thousand months, i.e. 83 years and 4 months) other than it.

This is something that bewilders the minds and astonishes the intellects.  Allāh, the Most High, has bestowed upon this weak nation great strength by providing them with a night wherein their [righteous] actions are equal to and greater than those performed in a thousand months other than it.

[Realize O Muslim], that a life span of eighty years is viewed as a long life; [yet, one is able to achieve a life time of worship in one night].

[Then, Allah, the Most High, says]: Therein descend the angels and the Rūh [Jibrīl] by Allāh’s Permission with all decrees. In other words: The descent of the angels that night is plentiful.

[And in the last verse] He, the Most High, says: ‘Peace! until the appearance of dawn.’ In other words: There is safety that night from all evil and harm, beginning from when the sun sets until the sun has fully risen.

And there are an abundance of ḥadīth discussing its (the night of al-Qadr’s) virtue and that it is in the last ten nights of Ramaḍān, specifically the odd nights. These characteristics will remain until the [final] hour is established.

For this reason, the Messenger of Allah, used to seclude himself in the Masjid and increase in worship during the last ten nights in Ramaḍān, hoping that his acts of worship would fall on the night of al-Qadr. (1)

Translated by:
Abū Ādam Jamīl Finch
19th of Ramaḍan, 1432/August 19, 2011
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – West Oak Lane

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(1) ‘Abdur-Raḥmān al-S’adī, Taysīr al-Karīm al-Raḥmān, 790

source: embodyislam.org

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