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Archive for the ‘Sunnah’ Category

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 The restricted Takbeer done after the salaam of the obligatory prayer which begins from the fajr prayer on the Day of Arafah is legislated due to the narrations from the companions and consensus. 

As it is authentically narrated from Ali, Ibn Mas’ud and Ibn Abaas رضي الله عنهم and consensus of the companions was cited by al Imam Ahmad, as Sarkhasi, al Kasaani, Ibn Qudamah, and Ibn Taymiyah. 
Also, scholary consensus was narrated by Ibn Rushd, an Nawawi, Ibn Taymiyah, ibn Rajab, az Zarkashi, and others. 
al Allamah as Se’di رحمه الله stated: ‘The restricted takbeer is done after the obligatory prayers beginning from the Fajr prayer on the Day of Arafat until the asr prayer of the last day of at Tashreeq’.
✏️Written by Sheikh Abdul Qadir al Junaid حفظه الله

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Q: When should the Takbir (saying: “Allahu Akbar [Allah is the Greatest]”) restricted to after the obligatory daily Salahs (Prayers) [during the days of `Eid-ul-Adha (the Festival of the Sacrifice)] start? What is the evidence of its legality?

A: It is prescribed for pilgrims to say Talbiyah (devotional expressions chanted at certain times during Hajj and `Umrah) from the time they enter Ihram (ritual state for Hajj or `Umrah) until they throw the pebbles at Jamrat-ul-`Aqabah (the closest pebble-throwing area to Makkah). This is based on the Hadith reported on the authority of Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him and his father): We left early in the morning with the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) from Mina to `Arafah; some of us were performing Talbiyah and the others performing Takbir. Pilgrims should start restricted Takbir after offering the Zhuhr (Noon) Prayer on the Day of Nahr (Sacrifice, 10th of Dhul-Hijjah, when pilgrims slaughter their sacrificial animals) until the `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer on the last of the Days of Tashriq (11th, 12th, and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah). As for non-pilgrims, they should start Takbir starting from after the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer on the Day of `Arafah (9th of Dhul-Hijjah) until the end of the Days of Tashriq. The evidence of its legality is the Saying of Allah (Exalted be He): And remember Allâh during the appointed Days. And: …and that you must magnify Allâh [i.e. to say Takbîr (Allâhu Akbar; Allâh is the Most Great)] for having guided youThis is also supported by the fact that the Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet) used to do so.

 

Grand Mufti Of Saudi Arabia His Eminence Shaykh `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah Al Al-Shaykh

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Abee Qatadah said that the Prophet ﷺ was asked concerning fasting on ‘Arafah and he said:”It expiates the sins of the previous year as well as the following year.”

[Reported by Muslim (no.1250)]


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Why Fast the Day of ‘Arafah?

The Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) was asked about fasting on the day of ’Arafah, so he said, “It expiates the sins of the past year and the coming year.” [4]

It is on this day that the pilgrims gather at the mountain plain of ’Arafah, praying and supplicating to their Lord. It is mustahabb (highly recommended) for those who are not pilgrims to fast on this day.
Likewise, the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) said, ‘There is no day on which Allāh frees people from the Fire more so than on the day of ’Arafah. He comes close to those (people standing on ’Arafah), and then He reveals before His Angels saying, ‘What are these people seeking.” [5]

Imām al-Tirmidhī (d.275H) – raḥimahullāh – said,

“The People of Knowledge consider it recommended to fast on the day of ’Arafah, except for those at ’Arafah.” [6]
________
[4] Related by Muslim (no. 1162), from Abū Qatādah (raḍī Allāhu ʿanhu).

[5] Related by Muslim (no. 1348), from ’Aa‘ishah (raḍī Allāhu ’anhaa).

[6] Refer to Jāmiʿut-Tirmidhī (3/377).
[From the post in troid.org titled ‘The Month of Ḍhu al-Ḥijjah’]

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