Archive for the ‘Tafseer’ Category


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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

وَلَيَالٍ عَشْرٍ

[[Meaning: And by the ten nights.]] Sooratul-Fajr (89):2


“He swore an oath after it by the ten nights; and they are, upon the correct saying, the [last] ten nights of Ramadaan, or the [first] ten of Dhul-Hijjah, since they are nights which comprise virtuous days; and such acts of worship and devotion occur in them as do not occur in other than them.

So in the [last] ten nights of Ramadaan Laylatul-Qadr (the Night of Decree) occurs, which is better than a thousand months; and in their days the fasting at the end of Ramadaan occurs, which is one of the pillars of Islam. And in the [first] ten days of Dhul-Hijjah there occurs the standing in ‘Arafah, wherein Allah forgives His servants with forgiveness that causes Satan to grieve.

So Satan is never seen to be more humiliated and rejected then he is on the day ‘Arafah, because of what he sees from the descending of the Angels and mercy from Allah upon His servants; and many of the actions of the Hajj, and the ‘Umrah occur in them, and these are matters greatly honoured, and are deserving that Allah should swear an oath by them.”



“The people of explanation disagree about which ten nights these are. So some of them said: They are the ten nights of Dhul-Hijjah:

… Ibn ‘Abbas said: “The ten nights which Allah swore an oath by are the first ten nights of Dhul-Hijjah.”

… ‘Ikrimah said: “The ten of Dhul-Hijjah.”

… Mujaahid said regarding the saying of Allah-the Mighty and Majestic: وَلَيَالٍ عَشْرٍ : “The ten of Dhul-Hijjah.”

… Qataadah said: “It used to be narrated to us that they are the ten of al-Adhaa.”

… Ibn Zayd said: “The first ones of Dhul-Hijjah.”

Whereas others said: They are the ten (nights) at the beginning of Ramadaan. However what is the correct saying in that regard in our view is that they are the ten of al-Adhaa, because of the consensus of the evidence from the people of explanation upon it…”


‘ABDUR-RAZZAAQ said in his ‘Tafseer’: “From Ma’mar: from Qataadah, regarding His Saying: وَلَيَالٍ عَشْرٍ : “The first ten of Dhul-Hijjah: (Allah made them the completion for Moosaa)’”

… Masrooq said: “They are the best of the days of the year.”


IBN KATHEER: “What is meant by the ten nights is the ten of Dhul-Hijjah, as was said by Ibn ‘Abbaas, Ibn az-Zubayr, Mujaahid, and a number of the Salaf and the later people; and it is established in the ‘Saheeh’ of al-Bukharee [no.969] traced back to the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم: <<There are no days wherein righteous action is more beloved to Allaah than these days>> – meaning the ten of Dhul-Hijjah. They said: “Not even Jihaad in Allah’s cause?” He said: <<Not even Jihaad in Allah’s cause, except for a man who goes out with his person and his wealth, and then he did not return with anything from that.>> And it is said: what is meant by that is the first ten of Muharram. Aboo Ja’far ibn Jareer quoted it, but he did not ascribe it to anyone.

And Aboo Kudaymah narrated from Qaaboos ibn Abee Zabyaan: from his father: from Ibn ‘Abbaas that he said concerning وَلَيَالٍ عَشْرٍ : It is the first ten of Ramadaan”, but what is correct is the first saying…”


“They are the ten of Dhul-Hijjah upon the saying of the majority of the people of Tafseer…”

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إِنَّا كَفَيْنَاكَ الْمُسْتَهْزِئِينَ

{Truly! We will suffice you against the scoffers.}

[Surah al-Hijr (15): 95]

Shaikh al-Sa`dee رحمه الله said:

“Meaning: (Allaah is sufficient) for you (O Muhammad) and what you came with. And this is a promise from Allaah تعالى to His Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم – that the mockers will not be able to harm him (or cause any damage to his reputation), and that Allaah تعالى will suffice him صلى الله عليه وسلم against the mocker by inflicting them with any punishment as He تعالى Wills. And He تعالى has already done this (in the past); verily, no one showed up, mocking the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and what he came with, except that Allaah تعالى destroyed him and gave him a violent (or a painful) death.”

[Tafseer al-Sa`dee]

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الخطاط عبيد النفيعي

Allaah (The Most High) said:

وَالفَجرِ وَلَيَالٍ عَشرٍ

By the dawn; By the ten nights (i.e. the first ten days of the month of Dhul-Hijja

[Soorah al-Fajr: Ayah: 1-2]

Imaam Ibn katheer (rahimahullaah) said that the intended meaning behind this verse is the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah as stated by Ibn Abbaas, Ibn Zubayr, Mujaahid and other than them.  And this has also been reported by Imaam Bukhaari

Ibn Abbaas (radiyallaahu-anhumaa) said: The Messenger of Allaah (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said “There are not any days in which righteous actions are done that are more beloved to Allaah than these ten days.” They said, “Oh Messenger of Allaah, not even jihad in Allaah’s cause?” He said, “Not even jihad in Allaah’s cause, except for a man who left out with his self and his wealth, and he did not return with either”.[Bukhaari]

Excerpt Taken from: The First ten days of Dhul-Hijja–Be Eager to benefit from them before they elapse

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What is better, that a person reads the Qur’aan and finishes it many times or that he reads it pondering over its Tafseer [and finishes it] once or twice in Ramadhaan?


Shaykh Ahmad Yahya An-Najmee:


”By Allaah if he reads it once with its explanation and understands it, it is better than if he reads it being hasty or so. And when a man said to Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood (Radiya Allaahu ‘anhu), ”I have indeed read al Mufassal yesterday” [Mufassal, 4 Juzz from Qaaf up to An-Naas]. Ibn Mas’ood answered:”This is the reading of a hasty poet.”

It is therefore better to read and ponder [over the Aayah] using an explanation to make the meaning clear. It is better to read with a Tafseer and to ponder [over the Aayah], Na’am.”


Translated from French to English by: Abu Zainab (Muhammad Al-Hindee)

[see link]  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OBnarawnaAo&feature=g-all-u]


See also audio translation of the question here by : www. mtws.posthaven.com

*Image is not mine

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Taken from the lecture: The Quran the Book of Happiness

Shaykh Abdur Razzaaq:

Guidance and happiness are two affairs which go hand in hand; thus whoever is guided then he is happy. And whoever is misguided then he is miserable. Misery is the companion to misguidance which is not separated from it. Therefore whenever misguidance is found misery is found, and whenever guidance is found happiness is found.

SubhanaAllah!! This is an affair which the people perceive. Whoever is distant from Allah and His obedience and being upright upon His legislation and then he becomes guided, he will perceive in his heart a delight which was missing and a sweetness which was nonexistent and a joy which he was not aware of. When Allah honors him, and favors him with guidance he tastes the sweetness and experiences the joy of happiness, the coolness of the eyes, peace of mind, and tranquility of the soul; which he did not find before that. (more…)

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Shaikh Uthaimeen, may Allaah have mercy on him, said,

“Lailatul-Qadr is given that name for two reasons. The first is because the actions of the children of Aadam and other things that will happen in that year are decreed, due to His Saying, the Most High, “Indeed, We sent it down during a blessed night. Indeed, We were to warn [mankind]. Therein [i.e., on that night] is made distinct every precise matter …” [Dukhaan 44:3-4] i.e., explained in detail and made clear.

The second reason is that it is a night of honour because of its immense value/rank, and His Saying, the Most High, shows that, “Indeed, We sent it [i.e., the Quraan] down during the Night of Decree. And what can make you know what is the Night of Decree? The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months.” [al-Qadr 97:1-3]

(Riyaadus-Saaliheen, vol. 1, p. 1367.)

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